Links

Byzantine links

Apollonia's Projects
Byzantine and Near Eastern Fashion
THE CHLAMYS
A Soldier's Cloak of the Early Byzantine Period
Byzantine Men's Tunica
Mens Byzantine costume and the Tunica
The Byzantine World
Web site author of Compleat Anachronist #75, Vestarios: Clothing of the Eastern Roman Empire
The Basics of Byzantine Dress c. 1000 A.D.
Web site featuring several tunics and other garments
6,000 Years of Hellenic Jewellery: Byzantine Jewellery
Overview of Byzantine Jewellery written by the Director of the Byzantine Museum. Includes photographs of more than 150 extant pieces. Each piece is described and documented within an time period. Includes examples of earrings, bracelets, pendants, finger-rings, fibula, pins, wreathes, arm-bands, buckles, crosses, amulets, belts, beaded necklaces, pectoral ornaments.
Psalter:The Dance of Miriam and the Israelite Women
An online photograph of the well known Middle Byzantine Period piece depicting Byzantinewomen engaged in dancing and the costume they wore. Psalter is included on the title page of Performing Byzantium.
Woven Silks from Western and Central Asia and the Byzantine Empire
Artserve photos from Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Three silk compound twill fragments found in France: 8th-9th c. from Western Asia, 10-11th c. Byzantium, 7th-8th c. Central Asia.
Byzantine Fabrics Bibliography
A quick list of resources particular to Byzantine fabrics: textile production, textile examples (shape of decoration, etc.), and laws concerning the use/production/sale of textiles in period. There are also many Coptic examples, as well as Sassanid.
Byzantine Exhibit in Munich
By Jahanara Vivana. Personal photograph s taken of the exhibition . Covers a range of objects.
Introduction to Basic Medieval Patterns
Introduces newcomers to the basic shapes of medieval fashion, in silhouette ; includes patterns for early Celtic, Byzantine, Norse, and Norman clothing, as well as cotehardies, houppelandes, and 15th century Italian fashion.
Metropolitan Museum of Art
The collection of medieval art exhibited at the main building is particular ly strong in Byzantine< /span> silver, enamels, glass, and ivories; medieval jewelry; Romanesque and Gothic metalwork, stained glass, sculpture, enamels, and ivories; and Gothic tapestries.
Ivory Plaque
Ivory plaque with the Crucifixion and the Stabbing of Hades, mid-10th century; Middle Byzantine
Ivory Panels
Panels from Adam and Eve caskets Byzantin e (Constanti nople), 10th or 11th century
Byzantine Coinage, c.950 to 1204AD.
Reviews the evolution of the main types of Byzantine< /span> coinage in the Middle Byzantine< /span> era, and ends with some notes on collecting these coins.
Double-Faced Enkolpion
Double-Fac ed Enkolpion Byzantine, late 11th-early 12th century
Temple pendant and stick
Byzantine (Constanti nople), late 11th-first half of the 12th century
St George medallions
Saint George from a Set of Medallions from an Icon Frame Byzantine (Constanti nople?), late 11th-early 12th century. Gold, silver, and cloisonné enamel
Tip of a pointer
Late 11th-early 12th century; Middle Byzantine
Silk Descriptions from an Exhibition at the British Museum
From the catalogue of the ByzantineExhibit at the British Museum "Byzantium: Treasures of ByzantineArt and Culture" ed. David Buckton
Speculum (Medieval Academy of America)
Open to contributions in all fields studying the Middle Ages, a period ranging from 500 to 1500. Its primary emphasis is on Western Europe, but Arabic, Byzantine, Hebrew, and Slavic studies are also included.
Bibliography of a Byzantine Nature
These are excellent books to look at if you want more information regarding the clothing and ornaments of the Byzantine Empire.
Byzantine Medieval Hypertexts
Presents the theory of hypertext and its medieval application in Byzantine manuscripts, using examples from the Theodore Psalter, a manuscript created in 1066 in the Stoudious monastery near Constantinople.
Merovingian Dress
Merovingia n dress represents a transition from the classical dress of Rome and the barbarian dress of the early Franks and Lombards to the more sophisticated Byzantine- influenced dress of the Carolingians.
Byzantine Illumination
The Theodore Psalter (British Museum Add. 19.352) remains one of the most significant representations of the Byzantine manuscript tradition, a masterpiece of art that exceeds the span of medieval time and space. Experts consider the Psalter a watershed document because of its fixed and documented date and authorship, attested to in its colophon.
New Varangian Guard
The Byzantine< /span> Empire, its allies and enemies, during the 9th to 13th centuries A.D.
The Basics of Byzantine Dress c. 1000 A.D.
The essential articles of Byzantine< /span> dress are simple and easy to construct.
Virtual Gallery of Historic Textiles from Egypt
The Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, of the University of Michigan, possesses an extensive collection of Egyptian textiles from the Pharaonic, Roman and Byzantine, and later Islamic periods of Egypt' s pre-modern history. Online exhibition s include: From Riches to Rags: Indian Block-Prin ted Textiles Traded to Egypt (13th-17th c), Early Islamic Inscribed Textiles (10tj-12th c)& Reconstucting Personal Style in Late Antiquity.
Byzantine Medieval Hypertexts
Presents the theory of hypertext and its medieval applicatio n in Byzantine< /span> manuscripts, using examples from the Theodore Psalter, a manuscript created in 1066 in the Stoudious monastery near Constantinople. Hypertextuality in this case manifests as a complex interaction between the text and the illustrations in the manuscript and the text as it relates to other manuscripts and its historical context.
Early Byzantine Silver
Selected Images and catalog information from the Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine< /span> Collection.
Middle Byzantine Art
Photos of Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine< /span> Collection. Pictures are: an enameled pendant, book cover, cross and ivory carvings.
Late Byzantine Art
Selected Images and catalog informatio n from the Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine< /span> Collection. Photos are: Ceramic Bowl with Sgraffito Design and Polychrome Glaze, 2 minature mosaics, enameled pendants, 2 ivory pyxs and a tempra icon on wood.
Herbs of the Field and Herbs of the Garden in Byzantine Medicinal Pharmacy
An excerpt from "Byzan tine Garden Culture.&# 34;
Byzantium: Byzantine Studies on the Internet
Links and resources relating to various facets of Byzantine history and culture.
Byzantine Paleography
Presents basic discussion s, images, and a few useful tools to those who are interested in how we come to gain knowledge about the past, and to those just starting out with work on manuscript s.
Icons, Their History and Construction
Icons are religious paintings done on wooden panels in the Byzantine style.
Byzantine Tableware c.1000 AD
Jug, red clay with splashes of brown glaze (found in Corinth); Cup, white clay with yellow glaze and red clay slip (Corinth); Bowl, white clay with yellow glaze and red clay slip (Corinth); Plate, white clay with greenish-y ellow glaze (Constanti nople); Lamp, white clay, yellow glaze in upper bowl only (Constanti nople)
Met Timeline Subject Index: Byzantine, West Asia
Includes many Byzantine< /span> objects from the Met's collection, along with links to articles relating to Byzantium: ''Byzantine Art under Islam,'' ''Byzantium (c. 330-1453 A.D.),'' ''Byzantium and the West, Religious Relationships,'' ''Frescoes and Wall Painting in Late Byzantine< /span> Art,'' ''Icons and Iconoclasm in Byzantium,'' ''Sacred Byzantine< /span> Figures,'' etc.
Olwen Pen Aur's Sgraffito Pottery
Sgraffito plates in Italian Renaissanc e and 12th century Byzantine styles.
Performing Byzantium
[PDF] from The Society for the Promotion of Byzantine< /span> Studies 39th Spring Symposium. This symposium will investigate the case for Byzantine< /span> drama, in theatres, in theatra, in church festivals, in the use of dialogue, but it will also explore other loci of drama in Byzantium: the theatre of the liturgy, 'we knew not whether we were in heaven or on earth', the role of ceremony, maintaining the empire 'in due proportion and order', and the spectacle of street, hippodrome and tzikanisterion. Polo games, grand speeches, public executions, arriving embassies, departing hunting-arties, triumphs, even tournaments are all part of our concern.
The Fall of Constantinople, 1453
By Dionysios Hatzopoulo s Prof essor of Classical and Byzantine Studies, and Chairman of Hellenic Studies Center at Dawson College, Montreal, and Lecturer at the Department of History at Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Nicephorus II Phocas Byzantine Emperor (963-969)
Covers: Early Life, Rise to Power, Military Achievemen ts, Reputation & Descendant s, Mount Athos, Coins.
The Museum of Byzantine Culture
Presents aspects of life during the byzantine and post-byzan tine periods: art, ideology, social structure and religion, as well as how historical changes and the political situation were affecting people' ;s everyday life.
Byzantine Garden Culture
While parts of this extensive website deal with contempora ry Byzantine< /span> style gardens, the bulk of the material deals with ancient gardens and their uses.
Pectoral, 6th century, Byzantine
Photo and descriptio n of a golden neck-ring found in Egypt but thought to have been made in Constantinople.
Internet Medieval Sourcebook: Saints' Lives
Saints' ; lives are a major resource for anyone concerned with the history of the late ancient world, Byzantium, or the Latin Middle ages. Just as whole genres of ancient literature vanished or diminished , the genre of hagiography became a major form of literary production . Such saint' s Lives - or vitae - survive in astonishing numbers. Careful reading of them reveals, as one might expect, a great deal about the religious life of the periods that produced them. Frequently , however, such Lives are also our best sources for basic social and cultural history. They provide information on, among other things:- details of daily life; food and drink; organization of local rural and urban society; the impact of commerce; gender relations; class relations; and even, on occasion, specific dates for military and political history. This page's goal is to present ancient, Byzantine, and medieval hagiographic original texts - in translation and otherwise - along with basic data on the cult of saints.
Silver bow brooch, possibly Slav or nomadic, late 6th-early 7th century
Birds were popular in early Slav art, appearing also on much later medieval Kievan jewellery. Nevertheless, the peacocks probably reflect Byzantine influence.
The Gumedruta ring, Lombardic or Ostrogothic, 6th - early 7th century: An inscribed gold seal-ring
This ring is engraved with a female bust and inscribed in reverse: + GUMED/RUTA VEC, which is the Germanic name Gumedruta followed by an abbreviate d, honorific title, possibly including the Latin 'V(irg o) E(gregia)& #39; ('Illu strious maiden' ;). This is the only early Italian ring to portray a woman. She is shown wearing Byzantine- influenced costume with a diadem with triple pendants, a mantle and a single disc brooch.
Figure Reliquary of St Stephen, late 12th century France; wood, silver gilt, gemstones, bloodstone, glass
This figure in his deacon' ;s robes represents the first Christian martyr, St Stephen. Full of dignity, wisdom and humanity, the figure stands out among the often restive and dynamic representations of the 12th century. But the monumental ity and the inner tension, combined with masterfull y executed decoration , make it one of the unquestion ed masterpiec es of Romanesque art. The figure holds a receptacle for relics, decorated with a cameo carved into bloodstone , which is considered to be Byzantine.
Mosaic Techniques
Outlines of the Byzantinetechnique, direct technique, and indirect technique.
Tile Icon of St. Nicholas Byzantine 10th -11th century
From the Walters Art Museum. Framed in vine scrolls, St. Nicholas holds the Gospels with his covered left hand (a sign of respect), and raises his right in blessing. This ceramic tile is one of the finest in the Walters collection , which includes over 2,000 fragments, the largest group outside of Istanbul, Turkey.
Lyre-Shaped Belt Buckle, 600-700, Visigothic
This bronze buckle, at the Metropolit an Museum of Art, was modeled after Byzantine gold and silver ones.
The Branko Belt, late Byzantine, mid-14th century
This beautiful textile takes its name from the Cyrillic letters within every third quatrefoil . They read BRANKO, which probably refers to Sebastocra tor Branco Mladenovic , a magnate at the court of the Serbian Tsar Stefan Dušan (1331-55). Serbian aristocrat s of this period are known to have worn very long and elaborate belts with looped ends and it is possible that this was such a piece.
Belts Database
A series of links to articles on Khazar, Magyar, Byzantine, Syrian, and Mongolian belts.
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit
The Prosopography of the Middle Byzantine Era provides a prosopography from all available sources of related persons, from the 7th to 11th centuries. The first section (covering the years 641 to 867) is online; the second section (covering 867 to 1025) is still under construction.
Byzantine and Lombardic jewelry on display at the Victoria and Albert Museum
Photos of seven pieces with descriptions.
Samitum Relic Pouch
A relic pouch inspired by two 10th century Byzantine pouches, illustrated in Textile Conservation and Research. They were both woven in silk samitum, patterned with small animal figures.
Silks and Religions in Eurasia, c. A.D. 600-1200
For more than a thousand years, long-dista nce trade in silk flourished over trade routes passing through some of the most inhospitab le terrain on earth. Commerce in silk persisted for two main reasons. First, silk became a status symbol in several important states. Both China during the Sui and Tang dynasties and the Byzantine< /span> empire established dress codes in which silk indicated high status in bureaucratic and ecclesiastical hierarchies. Both states also enacted sumptuary laws banning the wearing of silk and other unwarranted clothing by commoners. Second, silk became a sacred object and a token of sacred objects among both Buddhists and Christians. Buddhist monks and merchants carried silk to India out of devotion. Meanwhile, silk costumes became necessary regalia for Christian priests, and silk fabrics served as ceremonial covers for the relics of saints.
Byzantine Metalwork
Photograph s of Bronze pieces at Artserv.
Roman and Byzantine Beads
Photos taken at Museum Antiker Kleinkunst (Museum of Small Works of Ancient Art.) Beads strung on necklaces, a carved bone hair stick and a folding bone comb.
Byzantine Jewellery at the British Museum
pages of photograph s of pieces on exhibit. Includes: Earrings, necklaces, medallions, crosses & braceltes.
Byzantine Gold Jewellery at the British Musuem
Photos of pieces on exhibit including: a torc, embossed medallions , bracelette s, crucifix, nielloed cross, buckles and strap ends.
I döden klädd Analys av textil- och läderfragment från båtgrav 12, Valsgärde, Gamla Uppsala sn, Uppland
PDF. Article is in Swedish.GOOD photos and close ups. "This paper deals with textile and leather fragments from boatgrave 12 in Valsgärde, Gamla Uppsala parish, where a man was buried in the end of the 10th century. The material is analysed and classified, in order to distinguish the different qualities, and the position of the fragments is established to be able to interpret their original use. It is hereby concluded that there were two different dresses in the grave, one in which the deceased was clothed and one in the area above his head. The last mentioned dress contains of several small decorations made of silver thread, fragments of a brocaded tabletwowen band made of silk and silver thread, and two silverembroidered pieces of a silkweave. The embroidered pieces are referred to as cuffs in the museum exhibition and in the current litterature, but their function is here discussed. These "cuffs" and the rest of the silk and silver fragments have origin or influenced by byzantine.