The successful Ottoman siege of Constantinople took place in 1453 and was very closely contested. Time was not on the sultan's side. Bringing so many of his troops together to converge on Constantinople left his borders vulnerable. Thus the last emperor Constantine Paleologos knew that he need only hold out long enough for the Sultan's enemies to invade his lands or for the Venetians or the Papacy to come to his aid.

Important People


Sultan Mehmet II

Candarli Halil Pasha

Grand Vizier

Zagandos Pasha

Second Vizier

Baltaoglu Suleyman Bey Kapudan Pasha

Commander of the fleet



Emporer Constantine XI Palaiologos

Loukas Notaras

Cardinal Isidore

Giustiniani Longo