The Rumeli Hisari

The Rumeli Hisari, built in only 4 months and completed in 1452. It resides on the western shore of the Bosphorous north of Constantinople.

Ottoman Canon
  • weight 15 ton
  • cannon ball weiht 285kg
  • length 424cm
  • diameter 63cm
  • wall thickness 14cm
  • cannonball length of trajectory 186cm
  • gunpowdwer chamber length 167cm
  • gunpowder chamber diameter 23cm

This cannon was probably one of the siege guns cast on the order of sultan Mehmet the conquerer during the siege of constantinople with the aim of opening a breech in the defence walls.

This is a smoothbore cannon fired by means of a fuse in the touchhole behind the barrel, firing a granite cannon ball.

The cannon which can be regarded as representing an early stage in the development of firearms is strengthened by rings to prevent it bursting as the result of the explosion. A space behind the barrel has been left flat to rest on a wooden support.

The Golden Horn

A model showing the town of Galata, the inlet known as the golden horn and part of Constantinople and the ottoman siege lines.

In order to circumvent the chain strung across the Golden Horn, Sultan Mehmet had a wooden ramp built and rolled his ships around the town of Galata, which remained neutral during the siege.

The Golden Horn

This is part of the chain that appears in the model of Galata and the Golden horn above. The links are over an inch thich and half a meter long.